15_Satyagraha House Exhibition / 2011 (C/D)
Orchards, Johannesburg

In 1908, Hermann Kallenbach, a Jewish architect originally from Lithuania, designed and built a home in Oaklands, then on the outskirts of Johannesburg. This house, which he named ‘The Kraal,’ was to become the place where Mahatma Gandhi lived with Kallenbach from 1908 -1910. It was here, that Gandhi forged his ideals around non-violence and became deeply involved in the “Satyagraha” or passive resistance movement to fight against the discrimination of the Indian community in South Africa. Gandhi left South Africa in 1914 and Kallenbach sold the house that was then lived in over the years by a number of families.